Falls are a major issue for the elderly. The prevention of falls that cause disability, particularly in older adults, is an important topic to discuss.
Physical immobility is influenced by lifestyle (habits), diet, genetics, and physical activities. When most people reach their 30s, they begin to lose muscle and bone mass. With it comes a loss of joint mobility, strength, cardiovascular stamina, and endurance, resulting in poor physical condition, weight gain, and so on.
Loss of mobility leads to falls and broken body parts, which is a leading cause of death and loss of independence in people over the age of 70. As you reach your forties, fifties, and sixties, the situation becomes more apparent. If rehabilitation is not started as soon as possible, the condition will become chronic and difficult to treat by the time you are 70 or older.
Some lifestyle changes that senior can make include increasing physical activity levels and decreasing sedentary behavior patterns. Other ways they might improve balance include practicing yoga or Pilates, engaging in low-impact activities like walking or gardening, and getting physiotherapy at home from professional physiotherapists.
Tips to Prevent Falls among Aging People
Balance is one of the most important things we can work on as we get older. We need to keep our bodies healthy, our minds sharp, and avoid injury, but this can be difficult with all of the responsibilities that come with getting older.
Tighten loose fittings and use assistive devices
Examine the house thoroughly. Tighten or repair any loose fittings, such as stair rails. Install grab bars in bathrooms and possibly along long corridors.
Keep the flooring clear and non-slippery:
Examine the flooring. Carpeting can cause shoes to drag and people to fall. The best option is to have clear, smooth, non-slip flooring.
Keep walkways clear of hazards:
Take a look at how the furniture is arranged. Walkways must be clear, with no table edges, rocker tips, or other hazards protruding into the walking areas. Anything that has the potential to throw someone off balance should be avoided, removed, replaced, or altered in some way.
Keep things reachable:
All daily necessities, such as cookware, dishes, glasses, clothing, toiletries, and so on, should be kept in a location that does not necessitate standing on a stool, bending over, or squatting to reach. Rearrange the layout of such items.
Use appropriate walking aid:
If the person requires a walking aid, such as a cane or walker, make sure it is properly fitted and in good condition.
Install entry and exit ramps:
Even if the person does not use a mobility aid, entry/exit ramps may be the best option. If there are stairs, make sure they are wide enough and free of any slippery materials.
Lighting should be bright and clear:
Good lighting is critical. Make sure it does not cast any shadows that could deceive the viewer. In order to avoid this type of hazard, ensure that there is a contrast between items such as stairs and the floor. Stairs, for example, should be a different color than the floor to which they lead.
Install door assists:
Check to see if the doors are too heavy and if so, have them replaced or install door assists. The same is true for places such as pantries, which may have swinging doors that can bounce back and cause a fall.
Be careful with pets:
They probably want to wind their way between their legs and feet when the person is walking.
Fall prevention means injury prevention for the elderly. Ask your loved ones to assist you in keeping your rooms and stairways clutter-free and well-equipped with handrails, lighting, non-slip mats, and grab bars. — all of which can help keep you safe in your home.
The more we learn about lifestyle changes, prevention tips and precautions, the better we may be able to help people age. We can ensure that their bodies are healthy and that they are not suffering from major medical conditions. If you suspect your loved one has balance or mobility issues, consider enrolling the person in an appropriate exercise class (one that is appropriate for the person’s physical condition) or consider physiotherapy at home Hyderabad to strengthen muscles and improve balance.