If you’ve heard about cannabis Indica and Sativa, you might have also heard about terpenes. They are another compound found in cannabis, found in different forms and having varying effects. In this article, we’ll be discussing everything about them in great detail.
What exactly are Terpenes, and What Do They Do?
Terpenes are naturally occurring compounds that are found in some animals and plants. They are best distinguished by their variety of aromas, flavors, and colors. Furthermore, they are more often than not associated with the type of their vegetation.
While talking about cannabis terpenes, they are responsible for strains having a multitude of different smells or tastes that provide cannabis users the option to choose the one that suits them the best. In addition, they can also be processed to be available in different product forms; therefore, they can be found in cleaning solvents, dyes, and pesticides, while some of them can also have therapeutic effects.
While it can be said that all plants have terpenes, some of the most common sources where they can be extracted include cannabis, aromatic herbs such as sage and thyme, and citrus fruits.
Terpenes are responsible for protecting plants in case of rough weather or from predators. Whereas, for humans, there is still a lot of research to be done to conclude what effect terpenes exactly have on them. However, this hasn’t stopped either the cannabis researchers or its consumers from paying any less attention to predicting the effects of terpenes.
The most common hypothesis revolving around the effects of terpenes is that when the dominant terpenes combined with cannabinoid content that can include tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) or cannabidiol (CBD) can produce effects that are differentiated by the strain used.
Interestingly, it was found that two different strains being combined with the same amount of THC can produce different results.
Effects of Terpenes
One of the prominent aspects to consider while using terpenes is that they don’t have the psychoactive effects that are normally associated with some cannabinoids.
But since they affect our brains, some terpenes are said to have an intoxicating effect. However, this could totally be because of the amount of THC used in combination with the terpenes.
This is why many cannabis consumers suggest not to choose a terpene strain for the amount of THC present in it. Rather, choose the one that has a terpene profile that suits the requirement one may have for using them.
For example, research conducted on the effect of terpenes when combined with cannabinoids stated that some of the terpenes might have the potential effects that can help a person suffering from anxiety, depression, or even bipolar disorder.
Without a doubt, cannabinoids have more than 100 compounds; however, the most abundant of them are CBD and THC. These are also the ones that are vastly researched and studied.
When these compounds and terpenes are combined, they give an entourage effect that basically says that the effect of the cannabis is better or augmented when the compounds are taken together. So all-in-all, we can say that a little bit of everything enhances the overall effect as compared to taking them individually.
Types of Terpenes
Terpenes are categorized into primary and secondary classes.
This terpene is extracted from the resin found in pine trees.
Just like any other plant-derived product, this compound also has an outdoorsy aroma. In addition, it acts as a therapeutic remedy that can be utilized for inflammation, bacterial reaction, or as a bronchial dilator.
Some of the most common strains containing a higher amount of Pinene terpene are Haze Berry, Blue Dream, and OG Kush.
This cannabis terpene also has a woodsy aroma like Pinene. Some of the most common effects of this compound are that it can reduce your appetite and also act as an anti-inflammatory remedy. In addition, it is found in strains such as Sour Diesel, Atlantis, and Gelato.
Limonene, just like its name suggests, has a lemon-like citrusy smell. It works a great way in elevating the mood of its consumer and also helps in reducing the symptoms of anxiety and depression. In addition, it can also be used as a digestive remedy as well. This terpene is found in strains such as Quantum Kush, Berry White, and Wedding Cake.
If you are planning to have a good night’s sleep, relax or just let loose, then this terpene is the one for you. This is because of the fact that Myrcene produces an effect known as couch-lock that allows its consumer to calm down.
One of the main properties of this terpene is that it can be absorbed through the skin. Furthermore, it is also known to increase the cannabinoid substances present inside the brain, which as a result, gives the consumer a sense of euphoria.
This strain is most commonly found in Grape Ape, OG Kush, etc., and has a rather clove-like smell. It is also one of the major components of beer.
These terpenes are best known for their minty aroma and medicinal effects. In addition, it can be used as an anti-inflammatory remedy and analgesic. Borneol can be found in strains such as Golden Haze and K13-Haze.
Having a flowery smell and relaxing effect, this terpene is most commonly used to ease the symptoms of anxiety or depression. It is also used as a sedative. In addition, it is also utilized as a treatment for inflammation and is found in strains such as Cheese, Sour Diesel, Blue Dream, etc., as a secondary component.
This terpene has a minty smell and has antibacterial and antifungal effects. It is found in the underlying tones of cannabis strains such as AC/DC and Girl Scout Cookies.
This terpene is not widely known as compared to others. It has a rather spicy smell, or as per some, it smells like pumpkin pie- the MVP of holidays. It has antibacterial and antioxidant properties and should be used in small amounts.
Sabinene is found in the cannabis strain called Super Silver Haze.
If you’re looking for the best dispensary near you to explore terpenes, we’ve got some tips that you should always keep in mind.
First of all, always read the labels of the cannabis product you’ll be buying. This way, you’ll know which products are lab-tested as they’ll have terpene profiles and the concentration of the substance mentioned.
After that, you have to inspect the product for freshness. This is because terpene concentration can diminish over time. So if you were to see a product that was manufactured a long time, it’d be better not to buy it.
Another thing you can do to check if the terpene has not gotten stale is to give it a sniff. For example, if the terpene you were going for was known for its flowery smell, then after sniffing, you’ll realize if the terpene is fresh or not based on the fragrance.
Lastly, always keep your eyes and mind open when you’re buying any cannabis oil products. Especially if they are combined with synthetic terpenes because they are used to make solvents. Thus, it is not clear what effect they might have on the consumer.